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'''Joseph Arthur, Comte de Gobineau''' (14 July 1816 – 13 October 1882) was a French Aristocracy (class)|aristocrat who was best known by his contemporaries as a novelist, diplomat and travel writer but is today most remembered for developing the theory of the Aryan race|Aryan master race and helping to legitimise racism by scientific racism|scientific racist theory and ''racial demography''. Gobineau was an elitist who, in the immediate aftermath of the Revolutions of 1848, wrote a 1400-page book, ''An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races'' in which he claimed that aristocrats were superior to commoners and that they possessed more Aryan genetic traits because of less inbreeding with inferior races (Alpine race|Alpines and Mediterranean race|Mediterraneans). Gobineau's writings were quickly praised by white supremacist, pro-slavery Americans like Josiah C. Nott and...
Birth date{{birth date|1816|7|14|df=y}}
Birth placeVille-d'Avray, Hauts-de-Seine
Death date{{death date and age|1882|10|13|1816|7|14|df=y}}
Death placeTurin
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